Poor oral hygiene can lead to the formation of plaque, a film of bacteria that grows on the teeth.
What we see as tooth decay is actually the result of bacteria which creates plaque acid that gradually dissolves the protective enamel surface of the tooth and the dentine underneath, creating a cavity. If tooth decay is not treated in the early stages, it can reach the soft center of the tooth called the pulp (the nerve), which will require a root canal treatment.
Cavities can be removed only by removing parts of the tooth that are decayed or weakened. Today, most fillings are composite (tooth colored material), while amalgam (metal alloy) fillings are not as common. Composite fillings are white and therefore blend in with the other teeth, less removal of the tooth’s structure is required, and they chemically bond to the tooth structure, giving further support to the tooth.
Cleaning of Tartar Buildup
Tartar is a hard mineral substance that attaches to the enamel on your teeth and below the gum line. It can be found both on primary and permanent teeth, and if it is not cleaned regularly can accumulate on your teeth over time. Dental plaque can cause inflammation of the gums (gingivitis), a receding gum line and can cause serious damage to the tissues and bone surrounding and supporting the teeth (periodontitis), which can ultimately lead to tooth loss.
The best way to prevent tartar buildup is to practice good oral hygiene regularly to help remove the plaque that can cause dental tartar. Therefore, proper oral hygiene not only prevents tooth decay and reduces the amount of bacteria on your teeth, it will also help prevent periodontal disease.
Dental tartar can be removed by ultrasonic cleaning instruments (ultrasonic scalers) or manual hand scaling instruments. After the tartar is removed, the teeth should be polished with special rotary power brushes and a mildly abrasive polishing paste.
The amount and quality of dental tartar depends on a combination of genetics, diet and bacterial flora in the mouth. Tartar removal is done when necessary, however it is recommended to schedule check-ups every six months.
Fillings are used to fill in teeth that have been affected by cavities. Dental restorative materials are used to fill in the empty space caused by decay or external trauma and maintain the structural integrity of the tooth. By closing off spaces where bacteria can enter, a filling also helps prevent further decay, and improves esthetics, dental health and function.
Composite or „white“ fillings are an increasingly popular choice today when opting for fillings since they are quite similar to our own dental tissue. The material can be customized to match the shade and translucency of the natural tooth, making it the preferred esthetic choice among dentists.
If the cavity is deep, a protective base is applied underneath the composite filling to provide a foundation to the restoration and to inhibit bacterial growth, promote tissue healing and promote remineralization of the tooth.
The procedure is completely pain-free because a local anesthetic is used. All of the materials we use during the filling process are biocompatible and completely harmless to the body, which has been proven by extensive research and the composite filling’s use in dentistry for many years now.
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Microbial, thermic, chemical or mechanical irritation can lead to infection and death of dental pulp (which is the central part of the tooth where nerve endings and blood vessels are located). During treatment, the inflamed pulp is removed and the inside of the tooth is carefully cleaned and disinfected so bacteria cannot protrude deeper into the tissue.
Endodontic treatment is a completely pain-free because a local anesthetic is administered to the patient. Mechanical cleaning is done with a manual or dental instrument that cleans and shapes the dental canals to prepare them for the next phase – root canal filling.
After the canals are cleaned, disinfected, shaped and irrigated, they are ready to be filled. The canals are filled with a rubber-like material called gutta-percha and seal them to prevent them from becoming reinfected with bacteria.
A filling is then placed on the gutta-percha to seal the opening. Sometimes if the tooth lacks sufficient structure to hold the restoration in place, a post may be placed into the root to give the crown more support.
All materials used during root-canal procedures are completely biocompatible and safe.
Digital 3D dental X-ray PaXi-3D Smart Vatech
A 3D dental panoramic X-ray is a breakthrough in dental imaging that allows not only a 2D panoramic view of your teeth, but a 3d view as well. 3D panoramic imaging gives a complete picture of the oral structure, including the jaw bones, soft tissue, nerve tracts as well as dental root positions. These images give dentists greater predictability and confidence in preparing for extractions, performing root evaluations and placing implants.
3D diagnostics can give us a complete picture of the jaw structure in a three-dimensional format that helps accurately locate certain anatomical structures and safely plan implant and regenerative treatments.
3D viewing of the oral cavity greatly facilitates the planning of safe surgical procedures. The patient is much more informed about his/her therapy plan, and since bone quality and quantity is easier to predict, the possibility of complications during and after surgery is greatly reduced.
3D X-rays also emit significantly less radiation than traditional X-rays (up to 90%), minimizing the patient’s radiation exposure.
We use state-of-the-art technology in our clinic and offer our patients maximum safety while generating precise, high-resolution images.